Planting Garlic

Yesterday was garlic planting day in my Connecticut garden. October is garlic planting month in Connecticut and, since this has been a warm October I held off planting my garlic until the end of the month.

A fall planting of garlic is one of my routine gardening tasks. Garlic is super easy to plant, grow, harvest, dry and store, making it one crop that all gardeners with a small bit of room should try. Over the years my garlic plantings have gone into spaces as small as 2 x 4 feet. The bulbs don’t need a lot of space, making them perfect for tucking into small, underutilized sections of a bed. However, garlic does need loose, fertile soil and no competition from weeds.

Every two years I try to rotate garlic plantings to different areas. This year, garlic went into what was a strawberry bed that yielded me next to no fruit – birds, a rabbit, and chipmunks got to it first. (The bed is underlined with 1/4″ hardware cloth to prevent voles from tunneling into the bed to remove anything planted there.)

After removing strawberry plants (I have others planted elsewhere) and weeds, I loosened the soil while incorporating this year’s straw mulch and rich, homemade compost. It was easy to press each garlic clove a couple of inches deep into the loosened soil after making a hole with my trusty soil knife.

Plant each garlic clove about 2" deep into loose, rich soil.

Plant each garlic clove about 2″ deep into loose, rich soil.

One pound of garlic bulbs gave me 42 cloves planted 6″ apart in six rows, using 3.5 x 4 feet of space. I marked each row with short bamboo stakes and covered each clove with soil and a thin layer of fresh shredded straw.

A fresh planting of garlic, lightly mulched.

A fresh planting of garlic, lightly mulched.

I’ll make sure the garlic has ample water, in case of little to no rain, and add a 4″ layer of straw mulch once colder temperatures settle in.

My chosen garlic variety is Music. It’s a hardneck variety that is very cold tolerant, has a good yield, and keeps well. Hardneck garlic is the only type I plant since it keeps so well over winter months.

Garlic 'Music' purchased this year from Territorial Seeds.

Garlic ‘Music’ purchased this year from Territorial Seeds.

One pound yields ample garlic for cooking and sharing with family. If I planted a bit more, I could begin saving a few heads for next fall’s planting and, maybe in future years I will.

Read more in a previous post on planting garlic.


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