Yesterday was garlic planting day in my Connecticut garden. October is garlic planting month in Connecticut and, since this has been a warm October I held off planting my garlic until the end of the month.
A fall planting of garlic is one of my routine gardening tasks. Garlic is super easy to plant, grow, harvest, dry and store, making it one crop that all gardeners with a small bit of room should try. Over the years my garlic plantings have gone into spaces as small as 2 x 4 feet. The bulbs don’t need a lot of space, making them perfect for tucking into small, underutilized sections of a bed. However, garlic does need loose, fertile soil and no competition from weeds.
Every two years I try to rotate garlic plantings to different areas. This year, garlic went into what was a strawberry bed that yielded me next to no fruit – birds, a rabbit, and chipmunks got to it first. (The bed is underlined with 1/4″ hardware cloth to prevent voles from tunneling into the bed to remove anything planted there.)
After removing strawberry plants (I have others planted elsewhere) and weeds, I loosened the soil while incorporating this year’s straw mulch and rich, homemade compost. It was easy to press each garlic clove a couple of inches deep into the loosened soil after making a hole with my trusty soil knife.
One pound of garlic bulbs gave me 42 cloves planted 6″ apart in six rows, using 3.5 x 4 feet of space. I marked each row with short bamboo stakes and covered each clove with soil and a thin layer of fresh shredded straw.
I’ll make sure the garlic has ample water, in case of little to no rain, and add a 4″ layer of straw mulch once colder temperatures settle in.
My chosen garlic variety is Music. It’s a hardneck variety that is very cold tolerant, has a good yield, and keeps well. Hardneck garlic is the only type I plant since it keeps so well over winter months.
One pound yields ample garlic for cooking and sharing with family. If I planted a bit more, I could begin saving a few heads for next fall’s planting and, maybe in future years I will.
Read more in a previous post on planting garlic.